While all states require newborn screening for every infant, the number of conditions on a state's screening panel varies from state to state. Each state public health department decides both the number and types of conditions on its panel. They also develop and manage each state's newborn screening program, which is designed to educate parents and healthcare providers about newborn screening and ensure that babies with out-of-range screening results receive diagnostic testing and are connected to follow-up care. For information about your state, click on the State Screening Information box on the right.
When speaking about newborn screening, a panel is the list of conditions a state screens for as part of their newborn screening program.
Newborn screening programs vary between states due to several factors, including:
- The laws of the state
- The financial costs of screening
- The frequency of the disorder in the state
- The availability of treatments for each condition
- The funding sources for the newborn screening program
To encourage uniform and comprehensive newborn screening throughout the United States, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) issued a report that recommends screening for 30 specific conditions, also known as the "core panel" or "uniform panel". However, these recommendations are meant for guidance and states are not required by law to screen for this uniform panel. For more information on the recommended uniform screening panel, visit our find a condition page.
If you're concerned about whether your infant was screened for certain conditions, ask your child's doctor for information about which tests were done and whether further tests are recommended.
To learn more about state specific detection rates of certain coditions from 2001-2009 (final reports), visit the National Newborn Screening Information System.